Global growth to decelerate in 2022-23: World Bank

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    Following a strong rebound in 2021, the global economy is entering a pronounced slowdown amid fresh threats from novel coronavirus variants and a rise in inflation, debt and income inequality that could endanger the recovery in emerging and developing economies, according to the World Bank’s Global Economic Prospects report released recently.

    Global growth is expected to decelerate markedly from 5.5 per cent in 2021 to 4.1 per cent in 2022 and 3.2 per cent in 2023 as pent-up demand dissipates and as fiscal and monetary support is unwound across the world.

    The rapid spread of the Omicron variant indicates that the pandemic will likely continue to disrupt economic activity in the near term. In addition, a notable deceleration in major economies—including the United States and China—will weigh on external demand in emerging and developing economies.

    Following a strong rebound in 2021, the global economy is entering a pronounced slowdown amid fresh threats from novel coronavirus variants and a rise in inflation, debt and income inequality that could endanger the recovery in emerging and developing economies, according to the World Bank’s Global Economic Prospects report released recently.

    At a time when governments in many developing economies lack the policy space to support activity if needed, new COVID-19 outbreaks, persistent supply-chain bottlenecks and inflationary pressures, and elevated financial vulnerabilities in large swaths of the world could increase the risk of a hard landing, the World bank said in a press release.

    “The world economy is simultaneously facing COVID-19, inflation, and policy uncertainty, with government spending and monetary policies in uncharted territory. Rising inequality and security challenges are particularly harmful for developing countries,” said World Bank Group president David Malpass.

    “Putting more countries on a favorable growth path requires concerted international action and a comprehensive set of national policy responses,” he said.

    The slowdown will coincide with a widening divergence in growth rates between advanced economies and emerging and developing economies.

    Growth in advanced economies is expected to decline from 5 per cent in 2021 to 3.8 per cent in 2022 and 2.3 per cent in 2023—a pace that, while moderating, will be sufficient to restore output and investment to their pre-pandemic trend in these economies.

    In emerging and developing economies, however, growth is expected to drop from 6.3 per cent in 2021 to 4.6 per cent in 2022 and 4.4 per cent in 2023.

    By 2023, all advanced economies will have achieved a full output recovery; yet output in emerging and developing economies will remain 4 per cent below its pre-pandemic trend. For many vulnerable economies, the setback is even larger: output of fragile and conflict-affected economies will be 7.5 per cent below its pre-pandemic trend, and output of small island states will be 8.5 per cent below.

    Meanwhile, rising inflation—which hits low-income workers particularly hard—is constraining monetary policy. Globally and in advanced economies, inflation is running at the highest rates since 2008.

    In emerging market and developing economies, it has reached its highest rate since 2011. Many emerging and developing economies are withdrawing policy support to contain inflationary pressures—well before the recovery is complete.

    Fibre2Fashion News Desk (DS)





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